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That location is the home of Shirley and Don Nelson, who have lived on Lowell Mountain since 1968. They dispute the utility's ability to fairly measure turbine noise, as well as to assess health risks.
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Definitions of "smooth" vary greatly, as do penalty amounts sought for noise violations, according to written testimony filed with the board before the hearing. Estimates begin at $5,000 (the low end proposed by the Department of Public Service).
Foxes and hensAttached to Shirley Nelson's 13 page testimony to the public service board are several appendices "noise diaries" that trace her mounting irritability, sleep loss, ringing in the ears, headaches and lapses in memory, which she attributes to Converse High Tops Sale Womens
Background, backyardHow significant was the excess? Kenneth H. Kaliski, who manages sound compliance for Green Mountain Power, put a number to it.
Moving the needleDollar amounts aside, testimony from all sides indicates substantial areas of agreement.
Groups and individuals who have long opposed industrial wind power on Lowell Mountain have petitioned the board to consider the maximum possible fine: listed variously as $140,000 to $367,000. They also are seeking a subsidy from Green Mountain Power for legal and technical expenses with which to make a more compelling case.
RSG determined its meters' needles strayed above the allowable 45 decibels for a total of about four hours in early December, mid January and early March.
Might the forecast for the upcoming winter include more noise? By some measures, perhaps.
Kingdom Community Wind's infractions took place when the project was operating at a maximum of 7MW, according to Allan St. Peter, an electrical engineer at the Department of Public Service.
Green Mountain Power's director of generation and renewable innovation, Joshua Castonguay, counters that sound measurements taken earlier this summer while the array ran at full capacity offer a more accurate prediction.
That could change this week: A price tag on infractions at the Kingdom Community Wind project in Lowell will be negotiated at a hearing Thursday by the state Public Service Board.
Nelson furnished no medical substantiation for those symptoms but noted she's been on medication for high blood pressure for nine years; a "cardiac incident" she reported in mid February prompted her doctor to suggest further tests, which showed no irregularities.
But she offers a concrete suggestion: Green Mountain Power should fund an independent, round the clock monitoring of the turbines to avoid the risk of "the fox guarding the hen house."
"It seems likely that violations are more likely to occur at higher production levels and with more turbines operating," St. Peter writes.
The utility, meanwhile, states that its additional investment this year of $100,000 in upgraded monitoring gear is a sufficient good faith pledge.
For instance: Everyone for miles around agrees that, on several occasions, snow and ice buildup on Lowell's wind turbine blades resulted Converse Trainers For Toddlers in increased noise.
Nelson hasn't complained to the Public Service Board with any regularity, she states, because the protocol insists she sends copies to the other 26 parties on the docket a process both "ridiculous and expensive."
The region wide grassroots organization Lowell Mountains Group has made a similar request for money.
monitored near the site, those documented infractions represent 0.07 percent of the total, he Converse White High Tops
The reporting process established by the board, she adds, "puts the neighbors in the role of policing GMP."
During the same time span, background noise from weather, animals, traffic and other human activity exceeded the 45 decibel level for about 30 hours at one of the test locations, Kaliski added.
The cost of noise from wind turbines in Vermont has remained mostly up in the air.
"We're trying to be helpful, but we don't have the resources to be helpful," Steve Wright, who represents the neighboring town of Craftsbury in the hearing, said last week. "We can't appropriately represent ourselves."
Green Mountain Power had no excessive sound level incidents in May and June, according to reports from RSG, an independent monitor.
wrote to the Public Service Board.
ForecastThe 21 turbines at Lowell Mountain are designed to reliably generate 63 megawatts of power, or enough electricity for the needs of about 24,000 Vermont homes.
Hearing will put a price on wind power's noise
No one who testifies will dispute that turbine noise exceeded permitted limits and that the state can impose a penalty for those infractions, according to the advance filings.
The 21 turbine array went online last fall. Despite partial shut downs to address maintenance and noise issues, its break in period has been mostly smooth, according to the owner, Green Mountain Power.
With a new video surveillance and weather station in place this winter, he adds, select turbines will more promptly be shut down, before their blades' snow and ice encrustations set the neighbors' teeth on edge.
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